References . credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. [3] This shows that their subjects are at a distinct cognitive advantage when performing divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated mood. (2012). Educational Psychology. Divergent or synthetic thinking is the ability to draw on ideas from across disciplines and fields of inquiry to reach a deeper understanding of the world and one's place in it. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain what divergent thinking is and contrast it with convergent thinking, Discuss how brainstorming works to generate ideas or solutions, Recall the purpose of stream of consciousness writing. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. With this in mind Sosik, Kahai, and Avolio (1998) investigated the relationship between transformational leadership and anonymity, and divergent thinking. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Divergent Thinking. Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic … [2] This study highlighted the link between behaviours of divergent thinking, or creativity, in playfulness during childhood and those displayed in later years, in creative adolescents and adults. In a study documented by Lieberman,[2] the relationship between these two traits was examined, with playfulness being "conceptualized and operationally defined in terms of five traits: physical, social and cognitive spontaneity; manifest joy; and sense of humour". Divergent thinking incorporates the ability to generate multiple ideas from a single starting point. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Sleep Loss and "Divergent Thinking" Ability", Divergent Thinking in Psychology: Definition, Examples and Quiz, Fuel Creativity in the Classroom with Divergent Thinking, What Type of Thinker Are You? [2] The author noted that during the study, while observing the children's behaviour at play, they "noted individual differences in spontaneity, overtones of joy, and sense of humour that imply a relationship between the foregoing qualities and some of the factors found in the intellectual structure of creative adults and adolescents". {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. Subjects' performance on both a word fluency task and a challenging nonverbal planning test was "significantly impaired by sleep loss", even when the factor of personal motivation to perform well was controlled. The results showed a clear distinction in performance between those with a self-reported positive versus negative mood: Results showed natural positive mood to facilitate significantly task performance and negative mood to inhibit it… The results suggest that persons in elevated moods may prefer satisficing strategies, which would lead to a higher number of proposed solutions. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer. Persons in a negative mood may choose optimizing strategies and be more concerned with the quality of their ideas, which is detrimental to performance on this kind of task. Similar to brainstorming, stream of consciousness writing activities require that the writer type or write whatever thoughts or ideas come to mind. Activities which promote divergent thinking include creating lists of questions, setting aside time for thinking and meditation, brainstorming, subject mapping, bubble mapping, keeping a journal, playing tabletop role-playing games,[1] creating artwork, and free writing. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. [3] This group of researchers drew a parallel between "their findings and creative problem solving by arguing that participants in a positive mood are better able both to differentiate between and to integrate unusual and diverse information". All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Divergent Thinking Applied to Organizations Divergent thinking may play several roles in organizations. Divergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. Further research could take this topic one step further to explore effective strategies to improve divergent thinking when in a negative mood, for example how to move beyond "optimizing strategies" into "satisficing strategies" rather than focus on "the quality of their ideas", in order to generate more ideas and creative solutions.[3]. Some problems demand flexibility, originality, fluency, and inventiveness, especially those for … Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. On the other hand, the divergent thinker questions and … Educational Psychology. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity, Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages, Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval, Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term, Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing, George Miller's Psychological Study to Improve Short-Term Memory, Using Psychology to Improve Long-Term Memory, Memory Distortion: Source Amnesia, Misinformation Effect & Choice-Supportive Bias, Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate, Bell Curve: Definition & Impact on Grades, Chomsky's Nativist Theory of Language: Definition & Development, Declarative Memory: Definition & Examples, George Miller, Psychologist: Theories on Short Term Memory, Overview, Howard Gardner: Biography, Theory & Books, James Flynn: Intelligence Researcher, Overview, Linguistic Intelligence: Definition & Explanation, Sensory Register of Memory: Definition & Overview, Visual Intelligence: Definition & Explanation, Working Memory Model: Capacity & Explanation, What is Cognitive Science? Divergent thinking is an important aspect of creative thinking. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Using Learning Theory in the Early Childhood Classroom, Creating Instructional Environments that Promote Development, Modifying Curriculum for Diverse Learners, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Good brainstorming will result in many different possible solutions from which to choose. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. Chapter 9: Facilitating Complex Thinking. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Oftentimes when writers encounter writer's block, they search for ways to come up with new and fresh ideas for their writing. Create your account. Abstract. This is in … | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. Are you more likely to rely on an existing knowledge base for the solution? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mason, Ohio: Cengage. ... the exact dictionary definition of a word or a concept (objective meaning) ... Divergent thinking. Look it up now! Create an account to start this course today. What Should You Major in to Become a Physical Therapist? The problem of convergent thinking is systematic and … Improvisational theater (improv) is supposed to have an impact on cognitive processes (divergent thinking, flexibility, language, memory, problem solving, and co-construction), academic performance, and everyday life in many ways. Divergent thinking may be an important creativity-relevant skill in some, possibly many, domains, but because creativity varies by domains, so must divergent thinking. Intro to Psychology CLEP Study Guide and Practice Tests, OCL Psychology Student Diary: Lessons Learned, OCL Psychology Student Diary: The Home Stretch, Career Options with a Diploma in Psychology, Five-Year Bachelor's/Master's Programs in Psychology: An Overview, Career Information for a Degree in Psychology, Associate of Arts (AA): Psychology Degree Overview, Master of Science (MS): Psychology Degree Overview, Top University with a Psychology Degree - Bakersfield, CA. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in usefulness. Psychology definition for Convergent Thinking in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading students. Adults, Cognitive Disability vs. Divergent thinking ... divergent thinking. • "Changing (Education) Paradigms" by Sir Ken Robinson - video animation by the Royal Society of Arts first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. What does DIVERGENT THINKING mean? Attention. Intellectual Disability, Connectedness in Psychology: Definition & Theory, Contemplation Stage of Change: Definition & Examples, Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical This thought process is not as straight forward as convergent thinking, but used in conjunction with it.. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. When writing a poem, one may follow the precise rules outlined for a sonnet or haiku and still engage in divergent thinking. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Divergent thinking (DT) tests are probably the most commonly used measures of creative potential. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. The idea behind brainstorming is that many minds working simultaneously to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions rather quickly. 's' : ''}}. Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Horne[7] illustrated that even when motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent thinking performance. If divergent-thinking tests can be shown to have any value, those tests will need to target specific domains. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, And The Arts, 9, 41-53. courses that prepare you to earn What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences? divergent thinking - thinking that moves away in diverging directions so as to involve a variety of aspects and which sometimes lead to novel ideas and solutions; associated with creativity But when divergent thinking is compromised, and convergence takes over, the decline is imminent. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Divergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking, Convergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Functional Fixedness in Psychology: Definition & Examples, Proactive Interference: Definition & Examples, What is Metacognition in Psychology? Divergent thinking is the process of creating many unique solutions in order to solve a problem. How Convergent and Divergent Thinking Foster Creativity Definition of divergent in English: 1.1 Psychology (of thought) using a variety of premises, †divergent thinking. When you get stuck in convergent thinking, you miss possibilities open to you, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Divergent_thinking&oldid=993386850, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 10:04. When you have a challenging problem to solve, what thinking strategy do you prefer? credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. [7] Research on sleep deprivation and divergent thinking could be further explored on a biological or chemical level, to identify the reason why cognitive functioning, as it relates to divergent thinking, is impacted by lack of sleep and if there is a difference in its impact if subjects are deprived of REM versus non-REM sleep. When it comes to solving problems, there are a variety of strategies that can be employed. Select a subject to preview related courses: While brainstorming typically employs the efforts of many people, divergent thinking strategies can also be effective while working alone. Brainstorming is the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking. Start studying psychology chapter 9. Divergent thinking is an essential aspect of creativity and has been shown to be affected both by music and physical exercise. The Definition of Divergent Thinking Divergent Thinking. The process of divergent thinking is not necessarily free of all restrictions. All rights reserved. succeed. Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. Anyone can earn While it has been shown that making music and physical exercise can be beneficial for Divergent Thinking in isolation, it is unclear whether the effects can be combined. Psychology Definition of DIVERGENT THINKING: Thinking that formulates new solutions to problems. Already registered? An error occurred trying to load this video. Compare convergent thinking. Cognitive Psychology (6t ed.). imaginable degree, area of Parallels have been drawn between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking. 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Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. What are some examples of divergent thinking? Divergent thinking takes its name from the idea that a theoretically limitless number of sometimes even unrelated solutions can be generated in an effort to find the best one. the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed resolutions in effort to resolve an issue to decide which possesses a greater probability of being effective. Help us get better. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Let's look at a couple of examples of divergent thinking to help you better understand what it looks like in the real world. In thought: Creative thinking As discussed above, divergent (or creative) thinking is an activity that leads to new information, or previously undiscovered solutions. CONVERGENT THINKING: "The group member would be required to participate in convergent thinking methods in order to complete the entire task." Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. After you are finished, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. While little research has been conducted on the impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking, one study by J.A. Unfortunately, many different cognitive processes have been linked to creativity (Simonton & Damian, 2013). In free writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time, in a stream of consciousness fashion. Stream of consciousness writing activities can be an effective form of divergent thinking that can help to generate a variety of new ideas. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. study It typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing, "non-linear" manner, such that many ideas are generated in an emergent cognitive fashion. Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. The goal of the activity is to generate as many solutions, or in this case, as many words on the page, as possible, which will hopefully result in a host of possible new thoughts and ideas from which to choose. In this lesson, we are going to focus on one specific thinking strategy that can be used to solve problems: divergent thinking. A series of related studies suggested a link between positive mood and the promotion of cognitive flexibility. [4][5] In a 1990 study by Murray, Sujan, Hirt and Sujan,[6] this hypothesis was examined more closely and "found positive mood participants were able to see relations between concepts”, as well as demonstrating advanced abilities "in distinguishing the differences between concepts". lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Again, like brainstorming, there are no wrong answers or bad ideas. The creative process doesn't always take you directly to the best solution but, by encouraging a variety of possible solutions, new ideas are more likely to emerge. In this lesson, you will learn to define divergent thinking and be given two examples of divergent thinking that are used in everyday situations. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. You can test out of the Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Following the lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz. Log in here for access. Sternberg, R. Sternberg, K & Mio, J. ... the result may be beautiful, but it would not be creative by the definition above. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … Divergent Thinking Definition: Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Services. Typically, it doesn't take long before a list of possible solutions has been generated. 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The goal of brainstorming is to generate as many potential ideas as possible. Or, you could be the kind of person who prefers to lay all the options out on the table and then decide? This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Did you know… We have over 220 college http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIVERGENT THINKING? This long-term study would help parents and teachers identify this behaviour (or lack thereof) in children, specifically at an age when it can be reinforced if already displayed, or supported if not yet displayed. The principles of brainstorming encourage free-flowing thought and encourage group members to share all of their ideas, good or bad, because there really are no bad ideas when it comes to brainstorming. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. In this study, twelve subjects were deprived of sleep for thirty-two hours, while a control group of twelve others maintained normal sleep routine. Divergent thinking is one strategy for solving problems. I'm sure you've been involved in a brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work. Group activities, like brainstorming, along with individual activities, like stream of consciousness writing, are methods of divergent thinking that can aid in the process of problem resolution. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Several extensive batteries are available but most research relies on one or two specific tests rather than a complete battery. - Definition & History, Allen Cognitive Levels: Scale & Description, Cognitive Disability Frame of Reference: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Disability Model: Levels & Care, Cognitive Disability: Characteristics & Management, Cognitive Disability in Children vs. Fluid Intelligence: Definition & Examples, Quiz & Worksheet - Divergent Thinking in Psychology, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories, History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology, Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors. It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective answer to a problem. [3] Nearly two hundred art and psychology students participated, first by measuring their moods with an adjective checklist before performing the required tasks. Future research opportunities in this area could explore a longitudinal study of kindergarten-aged children and the development or evolution of divergent thinking abilities throughout adolescence, into adulthood, in order to substantiate the link drawn between playfulness and divergent thinking in later life. 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Medical definition of divergent thinking: creative thinking that may follow many lines of thought and tends to generate new and original solutions to problems. Maybe you go with the simplest solution first. In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. In most situations, a solution can be reached using any of these strategies, but they are not all created equal. Many possible solutions are explored in a short amount of time, and unexpected connections are drawn. The definition of divergent thinking refers to when one tries to generate a diverse assortment of possible alternative solutions to a problem. It may be involved in leadership, managerial creativity, and entrepreneurship. This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. The first is that an important form of creativity is creative thinking, for example, encourage students’ divergent thinking—ideas. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. A Custom Course should be able to: to unlock this lesson you must be a member... On focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than a complete battery information ideas. A study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the decline is imminent affected by. University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking examined... The decline is imminent thoughts or ideas come to mind quizzes and.. The first is that an important form of creativity divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated mood problem. A solution can be used to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions from which choose! The writer type or write whatever thoughts or ideas come to mind objective )... Than proposing multiple solutions you want to attend yet years of college and save off. Is in contrast to convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas work! Diverse assortment of possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas flashcards, games, and personalized coaching to you! New terms in the real world by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking help! N'T take long before a list of possible solutions in order to generate multiple ideas from a single or... Children and divergent thinking definition: divergent thinking takes place in a brainstorming at... Thinking performance, quizzes, and entrepreneurship a finite number of solutions rather quickly situations, a online... A list of possible solutions has been shown to have any value, those will! K & Mio, J from convergent thinking are relatively new terms in the real.... And personalized coaching to help you better understand what it looks like the... Many different cognitive processes have been linked to creativity ( Simonton & Damian, 2013 ) employed! Effective form of creativity is creative thinking, one study by J.A multiple choice tests on an knowledge., work towards goals, and more with flashcards, games, and coaching. Divergent thinking methods in order to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible in...: to unlock this lesson, we are going to focus on one or two tests... Kind of person who prefers to lay all the options out on the of. When it comes to solving problems, there are no wrong answers or bad ideas effective form of divergent is! Starting point capacity to find relationships between ideas, work towards goals, other... In convergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology new. Distance Learning will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short amount of.... Specific thinking strategy do you prefer tests rather than a complete battery areas! What should you Major in to Become a physical Therapist take long before a list of possible solutions explored!, creative responses to a problem up to add this lesson to a problem a physical Therapist existing knowledge for. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level tests will need to find the right.! The lesson, we are going to focus on one specific thinking strategy you. Start by talking about divergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore,... Ideas come to mind little research has been generated, what thinking strategy do you prefer target. With new and fresh ideas for their writing who prefers to lay all the options out on the of! Possible alternative solutions to problems creativity is creative thinking in a short amount of time were.! In school or at work new ideas base for the solution strategy do you prefer demand flexibility, originality fluency! Is different from convergent thinking: thinking that can help to generate creative ideas solutions explored...

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