At a later period he returned with new powers and commenced new andvigorous measures of reform, which are detailed in the later chapters of the book. GENESIS, the book of the origin orproduction of all things, consists of two parts: the first, comprehended in the firstthrough eleventh chapters, gives a general history; the second, contained in thesubsequent chapters, gives a special history. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, inthe ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. ISBN 9780802826794. Number in Scripture:Its Supernatural Design and Spiritual Significance, Some information on themeaning of numbers derived fromThe Holy Bible in Its Original Order, Second Edition, An essential key to understanding God's Word and its design is through the meaning of Biblical numbers. 187-188. 614-615. Accordingly, in the Septuagint and the Vulgate, it is calledthe First and Second Books of Kings. See Explanation “ Backward / Upside Down Nuns ” in “Hebrew Anomaly” for for more information. The Pentateuch possessed the strongest claims on theattention of the Jewish people, as forming the standard of their faith, the rule of theirobedience, the record of their whole civil and religious polity. What these frequently used numerics mean reveals the mind of God and the divine design of His revelation to man. The odds would be astronomical to have this many distinct authors, writing over a period of nearly three thousand eight hundred years, consistently following a complex numerical pattern. ___________________; “The Fourth Book of Moses (Numbers),” Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament Vol. The book has traditionally been ascribed to Moses. Finally, thePentateuch "is indispensable to the whole revelation contained in the Bible; forGenesis being the legitimate preface to the law; the law being the natural introduction tothe Old Testament; and the whole a prelude to the gospel revelation, it could not havebeen omitted. Much of its legislation for people and priests is similar to that in Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy. Though the scientific community has discovered several of these immutable laws, men actually know little to nothing about God’s limitless universe. As a narrative ofGod's faithfulness in giving the Israelites possession of the promised land, this historyis most valuable, and bears the same character as a sequel to the Pentateuch, that theActs of the Apostles do to the Gospels. INTRODUCTION. But, substantially, the Pentateuch is the genuine work of Moses, and many, whoonce impugned its claims to that character, and looked upon it as the production of alater age, have found themselves compelled, after a full and unprejudiced investigation ofthe subject, to proclaim their conviction that its authenticity is to be fully relied on. C. One of the difficulties of analyzing Numbers is its rather unusual organization of material; i.e., the mixture of law and narrative and its inclusion of miscellaneous material. Treasures Old and New: Essays in the Theology of the Pentateuch. But it is interesting andimportant to all mankind, inasmuch as besides revealing the origin and early developmentof the divine plan of grace, it is the source of all authentic knowledge, giving the truephilosophy, history, geography, and chronology of the ancient world. The title of this book is derivedfrom the pious and valiant leader whose achievements it relates and who is commonlysupposed to have been its author. 3. R. K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament, pp. The name of God is strangely enoughomitted, but the presence of God is felt throughout the history; and the whole tone andtendency of the book is so decidedly subservient to the honor of God and the cause of truereligion that it has been generally received by the Church in all ages into the sacredcanon. The date and authorship of this book are not preciselyknown. In the later Scriptures they are frequently comprehended under thegeneral designation, The Law, The Book of the Law, since, to give a detailedaccount of the preparations for, and the delivery of, the divine code, with all the civiland sacred institutions that were peculiar to the ancient economy, is the object to whichthey are exclusively devoted. The task would be virtually impossible without the inspiration of an almighty God. Introduction The Book of Numbers, called Arithmoi (meaning “Arithmetic”) in the Septuagint, gets its name from the census in chapters 1 and 26. It is the fourth book of the Pentateuch. "In ancient time numbers were seen as mysterious and symbolic, a key to reality and the mind of God himself. The symbolism of numbers 1, 3 and 7 are most agreed upon, while variations may occur with others. In the New Testament numerous allusions to incidents in the Book of Numbers appear: the bronze serpent (Jn 3:14–15), the sedition of Korah and its consequences (1 Cor 10:10), the prophecies of Balaam (2 Pt 2:15–16), and the water gushing from the rock (1 Cor 10:4). Sinai only to rebel against God at every step. https://www.esv.org/resources/esv-global-study-bible/introduction-to-numbers Introduction to Studying Numbers by Brad Stephenson. Thecanonical authority of this book is well established; but another under the name of Ezrais rejected as apocryphal. Its authorship by Moses is distinctly asserted by himself ( Exodus 24:4 ), as well as by ourLord ( Mark 12:26 ; Luke 20:37 ). In the Hebrew Bible it has the title, “In the Wilderness,” (which is the fourth word in the Hebrew text.) 2. Title The English title “Numbers” comes from the Greek (LXX) and Latin (Vg.) Bible prophecy numbers are primarily meant to demonstrate that Jesus Christ is the one and only messiah. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The book of Numbers is named for the Lord’s instruction to Moses to number, or count, all the Israelite males “from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war” (Numbers 1:3). Numbers relates the story of Israel's journey from Mount Sinai to the plains of Moab on the border of Canaan. The name of the book refers to a prominent feature of the story, that is, the census which Moses took of the Israelites at Mount Sinai before their departure, and again in Moab, east of the Jordan, … Young, An Introduction to the Old Testament, pp. Thetwo were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could becalled the Book of Samuel with more propriety than now, the second being wholly occupiedwith the relation of transactions that did not take place till after the death of thateminent judge. Mark Dever: ...The Message of Numbers [] Capitol Hill Baptist Church. Homemaking, Homeschooling, Homesteading, Home Business and Other Stuff of Life. The book of Numbers tells the story of the Israelites during the nearly forty years from the time they left Mount Sinai until they reached the eastern border of the land that God had promised to give them. Those whom God had redeemed from slavery in Egypt and with whom he had made a covenant at Mount Sinai responded not with faith, gratitude and obedience but with unbelief, ingratitud… An Introduction to the Book of Numbers I. But this, at least in thecase of Rahab, is no valid reason for rejecting the idea of his authorship; for assumingwhat is most probable, that this book was composed toward the close of Joshua's longcareer, or compiled from written documents left by him, Rahab might have been still alive.A more simple and satisfactory way of accounting for the frequent insertion of the clause,"unto this day," is the opinion that it was a comment introduced by Ezra, whenrevising the sacred canon; and this difficulty being removed, the direct proofs of thebook having been produced by a witness of the transactions related in it, the strong andvivid descriptions of the passing scenes, and the use of the words "we" and"us," ( Joshua 5:1-6 ),viewed in connection with the fact, that, after his farewell address to the people, Joshua"wrote these words in the book of the law of God" ( Joshua 24:26 )--all afford strongpresumptive proof that the entire book was the work of that eminent individual. What galaxies are mentioned in Scripture. Author and Date. Imagine what the Scriptures would be like without the direct inspiration of a single Author! What the four Gospels are in the New, the five books of Moses are in the OldTestament.". Young, pp. The Hebrew title is Bemidbar or “In the Wilderness” ( rbdmb) (of Sinai?) In the case of Numbers, the Greek translation abandoned the excellent Hebrew name, and used a Greek word meaning “numbers” (arithmoi) that actually describes only a few of its chapters. The early partof it, from the first through the tenth chapters, appears to be a supplement to Leviticus,being occupied with relating the appointment of the Levites to the sacred offices. Butbesides this, two remarkable facts, the one of which occurred before and the other afterthe captivity, afford conclusive evidence of the genuineness and authenticity of thePentateuch. They have always been placed at the beginning of the Bible,not only on account of their priority in point of time, but as forming an appropriate andindispensable introduction to the rest of the sacred books. Although the arrangement of some is obvious, others are not and require. In the Septuagintthe title given them is Paraleipomenon, "of things omitted," that is, thebooks are supplementary because many things unnoticed in the former books are hererecorded; and not only the omissions are supplied, but some narratives extended whileothers are added. So called from its treating ofthe laws relating to the ritual, the services, and sacrifices of the Jewish religion, thesuperintendence of which was entrusted to the Levitical priesthood. 'In ancient times numbers were seen as mysterious and symbolic, a key to reality and the mind of God himself. LEVITICUS. That Moses did keepa written record of the important transactions relative to the Israelites is attested byhis own express affirmation. 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